A limited area of drift from Palaeozoic and Mesozoic sandstone and shale Brickfield 2 appears in HLCA ; characterised by slowly permeable seasonally waterlogged to well drained fine loamy soils; though generally HLCA is dominated by Withnel 1 see above; Soil Survey of England and Wales During the 19th century the rise of industry in the area, principally iron and coal, was advanced by the construction in of the Duffryn, Llynvi and Porthcawl Railway engineer John Hodgkinson. During the 19th century the rise of industry in the area, principally iron and coal, was advanced by the construction in of the Duffryn, Llynvi and Porthcawl Railway engineer John Hodgkinson. The rise of industry, principally iron and coal, in the area along the eastern fringe of the historic landscape, ie within the Llynfi Valley, was advanced by the construction of the Duffryn, Llynvi and Porthcawl Railway engineer John Hodgkinson in Other sites within the historic landscape offer possible prehistoric parallels, such as Caer Blaen-y-cwm, and Y Bwlwarcau, all of which have similar morphological elements.
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During the 19th century the rise of industry in the area, principally iron and coal, was advanced by the construction in of the Duffryn, Llynvi and Porthcawl Railway engineer John Hodgkinson. The Margam historic landscape area lay within the cantref of Margam.
The location the site, isolated and at distance from the main settlement of Llangynwyd has been remarked upon, and it has been suggested the overriding factor in the sites location was one of defence and early warning of attack from the north and east.
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Agriculture fostered a variety of crafts, trades and small-scale industries, characteristic of a self-contained and secluded rural community, these including blacksmiths, masons, sawyers, hoopers, woollen manufacturer, weavers, tailors, thatchers and shoemakers. The site partially overlies the slighter defences of an earlier and larger enclosure. The eastern edge of the historic landscape as defined on the register, artificially cuts across the upper slopes of Mynydd Margam between Moel Ton Mawr and Moel Sychbant, and thereafter follows the forestry edge across Cwm Sychbant to Cwm Farteg.
Llwydiarth fawr definition
|The earliest evidence of human settlement in the Mynydd Margam area is represented by a small mixed assemblage of flint tools dating to the Mesolithic BCNeolithic BCand early Bronze Age BC periods with only slightly larger concentrations of material evidence, so far located beyond the historic landscape boundaries; mesolithic material is evident west of Blaen Rhondda, while neolithic evidence is largely restricted to the coastal fringe around Baglan Bay and Margam Beach, and includes a thin-butted stone axe of late Neolithic date Greaves-Brown; Evans The farmstead of Lluest-wen with its associated enclosures and post-medieval lluest site is a good example.
Here it appears the pre-existing secular settlement foci were simply adopted and adapted for monastic agricultural purposes; some settlements may have eventually gone out of use such as the seasonally occupied, platform house settlements on Mynydd Brombil HLCA and elsewhere, while others like Hafod-y-porth HLCA were further developed and were later to support settlement into the post-medieval period. The historic landscape area of Mynydd Margam, some 3, ha in area, is located within the dissected plateau of the upland region of Glamorgan, the southwestern edge of the Blaenau Morgannwg.
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The general backgound to the development of agriculture within the area has been covered in some detail by A Leslie Evan's in The Story of Taibach and district Evans, while additional material is supplied on the parish of Llangynwyd by Brinley Richards's History of the Llynfi Valley Richards None of the late-prehistoric enclosed sites within the area have been excavated, and no definite evidence for habitation has been established.
Other sites within the historic landscape offer possible prehistoric parallels, such as Caer Blaen-y-cwm, and Y Bwlwarcau, all of which have similar morphological elements.
The Morris Brothers The Morris brothers were among the leaders. Now that we have closely dated Einion ap Celynin of Llwydiarth to c.
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The only marriage cited for a "Uchdryd ap Aleth" is with Marged ferch Cadifor Fawr. In fact, "llwyth lawr" means "of the tribe of Llawr" and refers to Llawr ap Aelan in. The " Maeri-Chwyf," or Arthur's Quoit, near Llwydiarth, is a fine stone 17 feet long.
Mynydd Margam Historical Processes, Themes and Background
The deep and gloomy Cwmdu, the narrow stony gorges of the Gronwy Fawr . A variety of the same, containing many well-defined crystals of felspar in a.
The lower the slopes and spurs largely HLCAs, andand in part are dominated by soils derived from Palaeozoic sandstone of the Withnel 1 type; well drained loamy soils over sandstone usually on steep slopes, including some fine loamy soils with slowly permeable subsoils subject to slight seasonal waterlogging, local areas of bare rock.
Boundaries, marking the extent of late medieval and early post-medieval encroachment and enclosure on the slopes, are mainly of dry stone construction, though cloddiau and hedged banks are also evident. There are two main storeys, with a gabled third storey.
Charollais definition of Charollais by Medical dictionary
The stock would have been predominantly cattle, during the prehistoric and early medioeval period, but sheep are also evident, especially during the medieval period, when much of the area was farmed by monastic granges of the Cistercian Abbey of Margam; such as Hafod-y-Porth HLCA Undoubtedly the most significant place of ecclesiastical importance and of legendary note within the Margam Historic Landscape is undoubtedly Margam itself HLCAeponominously associated with 'Morcan' or Morgan Hen cruler of Morgannwg and on the available evidence thought to be one of three major parochial churches of the cantref of Margam during the early medieval period, the others being located at Merthyr Mawr and Baglan.
Many of the post-medieval settlements are considered to have medieval precursors, in particular Caer Emi, Gelli Eleanor Gelli-lenorand Pentre, among others in the region referred to in the Margam Charters of the 13th and 14th centuries.